‘All Quiet on the Western Front’

Erich Maria Remarque’s 1929 antiwar novel All Quiet on the Western Front (Im Westen nichts Neues) became an international bestseller, selling nearly two million copies worldwide and translated into over 20 languages the year it was published. Pirated editions appeared in China, along with a stage play. When the American film of All Quiet on the Western Front was produced the following year, there was an effort to ban it in China because of a perception that its antiwar message would undermine national resistance to Japanese aggression. This is the cultural context for one of Rauner Library’s newest acquisitions, Lianhuan huatu xixian wu zhansi, or “The Cartoon-Illustrated All Quiet on the Western Front,” published in Shanghai in the 1930s.

The illustrations feature fairly accurate German-style Pickelhaube helmets

Despite the government’s official intolerance of antiwar messages, there was some cultural resistance in urban areas of China during the 1930s. The visual arts were also flourishing in Shanghai during this time, and comics, or lianhuanhua, were enormously popular, particularly for younger and less educated readers. Thelianhuanhua were sold at street bookstalls, and were issued serially, like many comics today. Readers could rent installments as they came out, rather than purchase copies. After a full run of a comic was completed, the publishers issued a box for the collection. Serialized comics usually don’t survive well, because of the cheapness of their production and materials, and because they were often handled by many readers. Our copy of Lianhuan huatu xixian wu zhansi is in excellent shape, and came to us in its original box. Several of the parts, or fascicles, are stamped “Made in China,” suggesting that the copy was exported to other markets, which may account for its preservation.

The German soldiers looks conspicuously Asian, as does the woman’s umbrella

 

Courtesy of the Dartmouth College Library

Categories: Media, War

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